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Perak Islamic Religious Council & Malay Customs (MAIPK) History of Establishment

Perak State is one of the Federated Malay States established under the Allied Treaty ("Treaty of Federation") on July 1, 1896. During that time, the Council of Malay Rulers for the Federated Malay States ( Perak, Pahang, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan) was established to discuss the affairs and mutual benefit between the rulers and the British Government. Perak State hosted the first meeting of the Council of Rulers of the Federated Malay States, better known as Durbar Meeting, which was held from 13 to 17 July 1897 at the Istana Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar, Perak.

As agreed with the British, starting from the Pangkor Treaty on January 20, 1874, to the establishment of the Federated Malay States, a resolution has been agreed together, that all matters relating to the Islamic Affair and Malay Custom shall be under the jurisdiction of the Malay Rulers. Thus, the Chairman of the Islamic Religious and Malay Customs have complete control in the State at that time, Duli Yang Maha Sultan. This practice is maintained to this day.

Historically, the oldest law on Islamic affairs which has been enforced in the Perak State was the Ninety Nine Laws ("Ninety Nine Laws of Perak") which has been practiced up until 1900. However, it is uncertain exactly the effective date of the legislation. It is believed, that the law has been implemented since the reign of the late Sultan Idris Shah Murshidul A'Azam Marhoum Raja Iskandar Alang Bendahara (1887 to 1916).

Later, in 1900, a law called the Islam Marriage Administrative Law Chapter 197 Federated Malay States were introduced and enforced. Following that, a building has been built in the region of Kadi Office in Kuala Kangsar to be an Islamic Administrative Headquarters called "Balai Syara'". A Chief Kadi has been appointed to led regional Kadi and was placed here. At that point,  the enforced provinces was Kuala Kangsar, Taiping, Simpang Lima, Selama, Lenggong, Ipoh, Batu Gajah, Parit, Taiping, Teluk Intan, Tapah and Tanjung Malim. First Chief Kadi appointed was Mr Habib Abdullah.

In 1917, the Perak Quran Committee has been established to regulate and monitor the operation of the teaching of Islam in the state of Perak. The first chairman appointed was  Sultan Iskandar Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Idris Ramatullah Shah (1918-1938), who was the Treasurer of Raja Perak at the time. Perak Quran Committees also acts as the Perak Syariah Committee, which is responsible for all matters related to the administration of Islam in general at that time, including issuing permission for the publication of religious books, accreditation of teaching and so on.

By mid-1947, during homeland volatility against the Malayan Union (established in 1 April 1946), a number of movements, organizations and associations have emerged to fight the spirit of nationalism against British colonialism. The most outspoken association in Perak at that time is Perak Malay Association. On the initiative of this association then, a meeting of the scholars was held on August 10, 1947 at the Madrasah of Iskandariah, Kuala Kangsar. At the meeting, Dato' Seri Ali Zaini bin Haji Muhamad Zain, former Perak State Assembly Speaker, has triggered a good idea to set up a religious center for the officials to administer the affairs of the religion of Islam in the state of Perak.

January 21, 1948, was a meaningful historic moment for the State of Perak when His Majesty the Sultan Abdul Aziz Al-Mu'tasim Billah Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Raja Muda Musa (1938-1948) signed an agreement with Sir Gerard Edward James Gent (British High Commissioner / General-Governor of the Malayan Union), which represents the British Government. The agreement is named as the Treaty of Perak State 1948, has led to the Law of the Creation of the Perak State. Part One of the Law of the Creation of the Perak State which became effective on February 1, 1948 under the reign of the Sultan.

With the enforcement of the Law of the Creation of the Perak State, wish to establish an Islamic administration center in Perak finally can be realized. Power to establish the Perak Islamic Religious Council & Malay Customs clearly stated under Article VI. (1) Part One of the Law of the Creation of the Perak State, namely:

"The State Religious Head is His Highness, and His Highness would rule that there should be legislation to arrange matters of religion and establish an Islamic Religious Council & Malay Customs to help and advise His Majesty in respect of religious affairs matters and Malay customs. "

After the death of the Sultan Abdul Aziz Al-Mu'tasim Billah Shah on March 29, 1948, the throne of Perak succeeded by His Majesty the Sultan Yussuf Izzudin Shah Ghafarullahulah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abdul Jalil Nasiruddin Al-Mukhataram Karamatullah Shah (1948-1963). The State Government at that time, was the Honorable Chief Minister of Perak, Orang Kaya-Kaya Panglima Bukit Gantang Seri Amar Diraja, Dato' Abdul Wahab bin Toh Muda Abdul Aziz (1948-1957).

During the reign of Sultan Yussuf Izzudin Shah, then, the State Government formally established the Perak Islamic Religious Council & Malay Customs on 1 Muharram 1369 Hijrah corresponding to October 23, 1949. The law specifically relating to the Administration of the Islamic Religion and Malay Customs in the country has officially approved on May 1, 1952.

With the establishment of the Perak Islamic Religious Council and Malay Customs, Administrative of Balai Syara' and Perak Quran Committees in Kuala Kangsar, had united under the Perak Islamic Religious Council and Malay Customs and transferred to Ipoh Perak. Meanwhile, the administration of Balai Syara' was inducted under the administration of Kuala Kangsar Kadi Office. The Official Office of Perak Islamic Religious and Malay Customs was first placed in the State Secretary Office .

To further streamline the Administration of the Islamic Religion and Malay Customs in the Perak State, the laws related to it have been revised, amended and enacted several times. In 1965, a law called the Law of Islamic Administration 1965 (Enactment No. 11 of 1965) was enacted to replace the year 1952 law. Then, on January 13, 1993, the Law of Islamic Administration in 1965 was replaced with the Islamic Religious Administration Enactment 1992 (Enactment No. 2 of 1992). Under the Enactment No. 2 In 1992, the Islamic Religious Council and Malay Customs was officially incorporated as a statutory division of the government. For the purposes of consistency with other states throughout Malaysia, Religious Administration Enactment 1992, eventually replaced by the Islamic Religious Administration Enactment (Perak) 2004, (Enactment No. 4 of 2004). Enactment No. 4 of 2004 was enforced on 15 September 2004 and remains in force until now. Entities of Islamic Religious and Malay Customs are still maintained as a statutory government department.


List of President of the Council "Yang DiPertua Majlis"


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